In order to doctor to make accurate diagnosis from pericardial mesothelioma much steps are must taken and various of teses must be done.  Medical Professional starts medical diagnosis process full of history. This History will contain question about exposure asbestos, like exposure date, situation that seen, and duration of exposure asbestos.  Next Step in pericardial mesothelioma is testing usually medical imaging.  Most traditional doctor starts with x-ray to get public picture hits heart health.  From there searching doctor more detail with CT scan and MRIs. J biopsy, procedure, where small needle  into network that hit impact in attempt to draw sampel that anticipated mesothelioma, applicable to confirm or refuse existence mesothelioma in layer from heart.

At this time tes this is the the only one certifiable method to detect and diagnosing pericardial mesothelioma, or mesotheliomas at all.  Research this time, nevertheless focused at development more accurate testing method. Help diagnostic this is the slated for improve opportunity detects early and help lengthen life that diagnosed with pericardial mesothelioma.

After accurate diagnosis from pericardial mesothelomia has been made medication correctness can be started.

Choice for treatment pericardial mesothelioma covers operation, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and medicine therapy. Operation usually not suggested for pericardial mesothelioma disease medication unless is caught in very early phase when procedure will be most effective.  Radiation Therapy, procedure that employ high radiant energy either in the form of an x-ray-emitting radiation or materialses that  into region influence body, that used by to kill cancer cell dwindles and level of pericardial mesothelioma cancer. Type of treatment therapy has proved to become the most success with cancer type mesothelioma and usually one of treatment conducted.

Chemotherapy, a procedure where drugs and chemicals that inseminated into veins, also used as goals and to kill cancer cell. Treatment Type this is the second form most commonly used to take care of pericardial mesothelioma but also contain high risk for undesirable side effects.

One treatment type pericardial mesothelioma entangles fluid abolition from chest and abdominal area. This Procedure, thoracentesis and paracentesis, not really treat or medicine that mesothelioma, instead they focus at relieving pressure that caused by fluid develops and ill relieving and this symptom relates to develop.

Posted by ads1 creator Tuesday, January 5, 2010 42 comments

According to this result of disease symptom research can eat time till thirty year when first time emerge.
Of vital importance to comprehend symptom pericardial mesothelioma if you already ever there is relation with asbestos dust.

It's clear an understating of symptoms and the science of what must looked for as the marking early this disease,can improve opportunity conducts diagnosis early and improve possibility of medication successfullness.

Symptom that pericardial mesothelioma look like symptom that seen at pleural mesothelioma and cover out of breath, chest pain, cough continued, heart palpitations,exhaustible in conducting activity.

Better you recognize symptoms and conduct medication in the beginning of growth from pericardial mesothelioma,nevertheless a large part of not understand symptom that has been generated this disease till we just realize disease is referreds already till in phase progressed.

Symptom pericardial mesothelioma actually indirect disease consequence it self.
Symptom like out of breath, chest pain, and heart palpitations, that caused by fluid accumulation around heart,nevertheless this fluid also not such a main matter from symptom pericardial mesothelioma.
Symptom all the much cause by-product that ever extend cancerous tumor like asbestos.

Pericardial mesothelioma grows in lining from liver,that thing cause a surrounding network expansion.
This Expansion direction at fluid excess that place pressure at liver organ and its surroundings like lung.
This Pressure actually is cause of chest pain and out of breath.

Swelling at network also will lessen room for permitted air inhaled , until lessen available oxygen for body.
Lack of this oxygen can cause early from exhaustible that can cause pericardial mesothelioma.

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Pericardial mesothelioma is related to cancer type asbestos that will influence layer that in around heart muscle. 

Though form mesothelioma is sometime conceived of lung cancer ,but this cancer initially not influence lung. 

Pericardial mesothelioma will influence pericardium, that is medical term that is lining from heart, and serous membranes from lung.

Pericardial mesothelioma are caused by hit asbestos and too old breath in asbestos dust, that made at building, maintenance, and goods repair that contain asbestos,that known as one of cause pericardial mesothelioma

One theory is that damage asbestos fibre in lung and transfered pass by blood stream to pericardium and serous membranes. 

This Route is also known as the fibre spreading that can cause pericardial mesothelioma.

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peritoneal mesothelioma is certain cancer type that influence peritoneum,that caused by asbestos presentation and product asbestos.
After experts conducts much researchs and known influence peritoneum there is related to issues how well stomach can protect organs in area of around stomach.

And how well iubricant in stomach can guard against organ possibility around stomach shift, and wether organ referreds truly.Peritoneal mesothelioma are sometime known as peritoneal mesothelioma, that mean that cancer has extended to vinicity organ.

Credit from type mesothelioma is given to approximately ten percentage of mesothelioma and second is most commonly form that related asbestos mesothelioma.

Most commonly Form or all the much experienced by some patients are pleural mesothelioma.Disease that have period long-range latensi, where tumor cells are referreds grow on the quiet and not influence other organ performance that.

Many of doctors tends to less think that until cause disease is referreds has been in phase that continue before its symptom starts emerge.

Posted by ads1 creator Sunday, December 27, 2009 2 comments

Ferocity that entangle cells mesothelial at human body, entered pleura, peritoneum, perikardium, and testis, known as ferocious mesothelioma, either that local or difus.

Most, but not all, case ferocious mesothelioma (malignant mesothelioma) at pleural (lung cancer) usually relate to presentation from asbestos.

Patient with ferocious mesothelioma pleura, 77% has been hit asbestos was at its the past.

Diagnosis difficult mesothelioma uphold because the result of analysis of effusion fluid from cancer usually is not most diagnostic.

Mesothelioma more public happens at men than woman and that happened most often at the age of fifth decade till decade 7th.

A large part of cases (around 90%) from malignant mesothelioma happened in pleura.



From picture histologi is existed 3 types mesothelioma that is mesothelioma sarcomatous, epitel, and mixture (mixed).

Pleural mesothelioma usually started as the plaque and nodul that join to produce sheetlike neoplasm.

Tumor Growth usually started at down section chest, tumor can attack diaphragm and blanket lung surface and gap interlobaris.



When disease expand, often extend to parenkim paru, chest wall and wall mediastinum.

Pleural mesothelioma can disseminate to throat, flank, backbone, pleksus brakialis, and vena cava superior.

Asbestos, amphibole asbestos, asbestos-crocidolite, and amosite asbestos especially, is main carcinogen involveds in patogenesis.

Asbestos Presentation chrysotil is related to mesothelioma lower incident.

Industry Area that often related to the happening of mesotelioma consequence of asbestos presentation is entered mining industry, ship-building that entangle the usage of asbestos, cement asbestos making, ceramic, hulling paper, auto parts, and factory of train repair.

Clinic Manifestation or clinic symptom that happened at mesothelioma that is:
  • Dyspnea and pain in bone nonpleuritic chest wall is most commonly symptom happens at ferocious mesothelioma. (Around 60-90% from patient experience of symptom of chest pain in bone or dyspnea.)
  • At patient with ferocious mesothelioma, finding of effusion physical pleura usually known with percussion and auskultassion.
  • At case that seldom, ferocious mesothelioma as cord compression, brachial plexopathy, Horner syndrome, or superior vena cava syndrome. Death usually caused by infection or respiration failure from growth mesothelioma.
  • Main Area that often happened at pleura (87%), peritoneum (5,1%), and perichardium (0,4%).

Posted by ads1 creator Thursday, December 24, 2009 1 comments

For patient with disease localized, and whom can men-toleransi one radical surgery, radiation is that often given deliver post in active move as a handling consolidative.
Entire hemi-thorax is treats with radiation therapy, often given in simultaneous with chemotherapy.

This Approach from use surgery are followed by radiation with chemotherapy and pioneered by team thoracic oncology in Brigham & Women Hospital in Boston.

Delivery Radiation and chemotherapy after one radical surgery has led to extend expectancy live ins patient population chosen from some defensor patients more than 5 year.

As part of one approach to heal mesothelioma, radiotherapy in general applied for chest location that deliver insertion, in attempt to prevent tumor growth as long as band in wall of chest part.

Although mesothelioma in general resistant to handling referred as nevertheless by any chance can recover with radiotherapy, way that used by the palliative is by see arising out symptom from tumor growth, like barrier at one main vein.

Therapy this Radiasi is given as a mean to improve survival from mesothelioma.
Radiation Dose required just for mesothelioma nevertheless not surgically that merely eliminated will be very poisonous.

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Diagnosis mesothelioma a lot find difficulties, because symptom can not be predicted manifestly.
Diagnosis can start conducted with one because disease that suffered from medical history patient.

A history from exposure at asbestos can improve clinical suspicion for mesothelioma.
A physical examination can be conducted, followed by chest irradiating and often also lung or place are opened test function.

Irradiating can express pleural coagulates in general managed asbestos exposure and improve suspicion from mesothelioma.
A CT (or CAT) scan or one MRI that usually conducted.

If a large amount of fluid today, abnormal cells are might possibly detected by cytopathology if this fluid can aspirated with one sprayer.
For pleural flow this condition can be conducted with knock at one of pleural or chest channel, in ascites at one paracentesis or ascitic can deliver in one radiation pericardial with pericardiocentesis.

Meanwhile catching cells inexistence above to cytology not entirely release or negate mesothelioma, will do not want to and especially if one alternative diagnosis maybe can make TBC, liver failure or heart.
If science or knowledge studies cell is positive or one memorial is considered as suspicion, one biopsy can be needed to confirm one diagnosis to mesothelioma.

A doctor eliminates one network example for testing below or under one microscope by one pathologist.
A biopsy is might possibly conducted by means of or differently, all depend on where abnormal area is referred as located.
If cancer is existed in its chest, doctor can conduct one thoracoscopy.

In this procedure, doctor makes one alternative by cut chest wall, tube that flame called one thoracoscope to chest between two ribs.
Conducive Thoracoscopy doctor to see situation in chest for getting the network example.

If cancer that located in abdomen, doctor can conduct one laparoscopy, For getting the network for testing, doctor makes one incision or engraving small in abdomen and insert one special instrument to abdominal cavity.
If this procedures not produces network, diagnostic surgery that more extensive might possibly.

Posted by ads1 creator Tuesday, December 1, 2009 0 comments

There are a large number of chemotherapy drugs in use today. Different agents are grouped into classes that differ from chemotherapy drugs, in which each separate class is defined by the biological activity of individual drugs. Agent of most standards groups have been investigated for treatment of mesothelioma both as a single agent and in combination with other chemotherapy drugs, but generally the results are disappointing. Recent studies indicate that mesothelioma may have a built-in resistance to apoptosis, the programmed death of cells that are not healthy, that would be a major factor in resistance to treatment and possible factors in the overall aggressiveness.

The following section is a summary of a few individuals who have used drugs to treat mesothelioma in the past. Although the pemetrexed and cisplatin is the current standard treatment and has replaced a lot of drugs to be discussed, the possibility that a patient chemotherapy mesothelioma research will find some of these names, so we provide this information to help patients learn more about the history of different agents which has been used for treatment of mesothelioma. In some cases, like that of vinorelbine, a drug which will be discussed at the end of this article is the future possibility of drug treatment and are included to provide information on advanced studies of chemotherapy, rather than the use of this history.
Mesothelioma Treatment: Chemotherapy with Antifolates

Antifolates are chemotherapy drugs that inhibit the activity of folate (folic acid) during the synthesis of DNA, which is an important part of cell division and replication. By inhibiting the formation of new DNA, antifolates and may limit the growth of new cells. This is the reason for its usefulness in the treatment of cancer.

Antifolates is a member of the larger class of chemotherapy drugs known as antimetabolites. These chemicals damage the proper execution of certain biochemical processes as the basic structure similar to the elements required for this process, so that they are metabolized to replace the right elements. Once this happens, however, the body can not complete the process targeted for antimetabolite structure prevents the process' execution is appropriate. Antifolates inhibit folate activity because they are structurally similar to it.

A number of antifolates have been investigated for treatment of mesothelioma, the pemetrexed showed the most effectiveness. Even before it was introduced, however, other drugs in this class showed modest response rate in mesothelioma patients. Gene expression analysis has shown that mesothelioma cells over-express folate receptors alpha and powerful theory of mesothelioma specialists is that the antifolate agents produce response activity in mesothelioma cells because they interfere with the folate receptor is activated.

Along with pemetrexed, raltitrexed is another antifolate that has been examined for treatment of mesothelioma. Studies have investigated combination therapy with cisplatin and raltitrexed, and it also has shown some therapeutic activity. When compared with pemetrexed + cisplatin, the cisplatin + raltitrexed regimens exhibited similar toxicity profile, but it does not fit with the overall efficacy of standard regimens.
Mesothelioma Treatment: Chemotherapy with Platinum Agents

Platinum agents are part of the class known as alkylating chemotherapy agents / alkylating-like agents. Drugs of this class disrupt cell replication by binding to DNA and cell damage its structural integrity, triggering apoptosis and removal of cells from the cycle of replication. Platinum agent cisplatin was originally developed for chemotherapy, although the analog-carboplatin and oxaliplatin, are also used today.

Both carboplatin and oxaliplatin have been investigated as an alternative platinum agent in first-line treatment of mesothelioma, but they have not shown the same effectiveness of cisplatin has shown. However, cisplatin can be difficult to tolerate and have been associated with side effects in some patients, so it can be used carboplatin replaced cisplatin if poisoning is a concern.
Mesothelioma Treatment: Chemotherapy with Anthracyclines

Anthracyclines are among the most commonly used chemotherapy drugs. They are active at all stages of the cell cycle and has been proven effective in the treatment of various types of cancer. Because the general usefulness, doctors have high hopes that the anthracyclines also be effective for treatment of mesothelioma. Doxorubicin, which is marketed under the trade name adriamycin ®, is one of the agents most widely used in this class and extensively tested with mesothelioma patients. At first considered active enough, but subsequent research has revealed very little clinical benefit for its use. Other Anthracyclines have been used as well, but they also have not shown effectiveness for the treatment of many diseases.
Mesothelioma Treatment: Chemotherapy with Vinca Alkaloid Agent

Vinca alkaloids is the last major class of drugs we will cover the overview of chemotherapy treatment for mesothelioma. This class drug target cell mitosis, which is the process of cell division in cells where a mother was split into two daughter cells that are genetically identical to each other. A number of Vinca alkaloids have been investigated for treatment of mesothelioma, but most of them have not shown useful activity in the management of disease. However, several recent studies have shown that vinorelbine, newer agents in this class, is very active with mesothelioma cells.

Vinorelbine has been investigated in both single agent therapy and combination therapy with cisplatin. This also has been studied as first-line chemotherapy and as a second-line therapy. The results of this study indicate that that among the most active agents that have been deployed for the treatment of mesothelioma, with response rates similar to pemetrexed. However, some of these same studies also identified a tendency of toxicity in a large number of patients. Most researchers who have reported their findings to do with calls for more research using vinorelbine for the treatment of disease. Because this study treatment activities have been described, vinorelbine research is likely to continue and may be increased if future studies also showed the same response rate.
Mesothelioma Treatment: Chemotherapy Agent Other

The four classes of chemotherapy drugs that we have discussed here do not represent all the available classes of chemotherapy for cancer treatment. However, agents from these classes made most of the drugs that are used for mesothelioma chemotherapy, or represents a significant effort in the history of the disease treatment.

A number of newly developed chemotherapy agents is currently engaged in a research laboratory in the treatment of mesothelioma or a new start human trials, so that the information on this page tend to change as a result of this study into
Related information: Chemotherapy & Mesothelioma

For more information related to chemotherapy and treatment of mesothelioma, please read the following:

      * Mesothelioma Treatment: What is Chemotherapy?
      * Mesothelioma Treatment: Chemotherapy for Mesothelioma

Posted by ads1 creator Monday, October 12, 2009 1 comments

The operation is one of the main therapeutic modalities used in the treatment of mesothelioma. There are a number of procedures available and the decisions doctors make will be based on each individual patient's presentation. Important factors to be considered will include the overall treatment strategy, disease histology, location and stage, and patient general health and performance status. Improvements in surgical techniques and postoperative care have resulted in higher "success" for many of these procedures rate, as well as a large reduction in perioperative mortality and post-surgery. However, serious complications still occur, so the decision to conduct extensive operations should always be very clear.
Mesothelioma Treatments: Surgery - Surgical Strategies

There are two main surgical strategies used in the management of mesothelioma: palliative surgery and surgery with curative intent. The use of this term in describing a similar surgery to explain the overall treatment strategy. Palliative surgery is a procedure to treat certain symptoms of mesothelioma, without aggressively treating the disease itself. Running this operation, starting from a low-impact, supporting the treatment of symptoms of the disease aggressive efforts of individual control (although the underlying disease itself will not be treated with aggressive).

The purpose of the operation with a curative goal is to remove a malignant tumor as possible. Ideally, this would mean that all cancer is removed, but the disease is a complex pattern of growth makes complete elimination of a very difficult task. Unlike other cancers that present as individually-identified tumors with clear boundaries between tumor and surrounding tissue, appear as diffuse mesothelioma malignancies that spread to the entire surface area. This usually appears as a layer-like layers of malignant tissue created by a large number of individual tumors, too many to remove individually. The boundaries between the malignant (s) and surrounding healthy tissue is often not clear, which can complicate the decision on where to start the extraction, and obscures the true infiltration rates. This means that the disease can remain hidden after resection. Occult disease refers to the microscopic cancer cells are hidden or too small to be seen during surgery or post-operative analysis, but is still alive and still able to grow. When the mysterious disease was present, which mesothelioma will continue to grow and to come back unless some kind of post-operative care is trying to eradicate these cells.

In light of this problem, mesothelioma experts have concluded that surgery is rarely effective as single modality therapy, and that it must be combined with other treatment modalities to maximize patient survival time. The purpose of the surgery, then, is to achieve complete resection, macroscopically, which refers to the elimination of all visible tumor cells, and then adjuvant therapy will be used to treat potentially occult disease.
Mesothelioma Treatments: Surgery - Surgery with Curative Intent

There are two operations with the intention curative attempt for the treatment of pleural mesothelioma: pleurectomy-decortication and extrapleural pneumonectomy. They are very-invasive procedures are indicated by the amount of tissue resection and extensive radical surgery was considered a term used to describe procedures that require invasive measures significantly. Because mesothelioma is not curable, this procedure is sometimes called procedures prolong life.

The following section contains a brief description of each procedure and the links to learn more about it.

Extrapleural pneumonectomy
      An extrapleural pneumonectomy feature elimination parietal pleura, diaphragm and pericardium, and the whole lung on the affected side. For patients in all but the early stages of disease, an EPP is generally the best procedure to achieve complete resection, macroscopically.

      Learn more: Mesothelioma Treatment: Curative Surgery - Extrapleural pneumonectomy
Pleurectomy-Decortication

      A pleurectomy / decortication is the surgical procedure in which the parietal pleura, the visceral pleura, and may be tissue from the chest wall, diaphragm and pericardium all deleted. The lungs of the affected side, however, is left in place.

      Learn more: Mesothelioma Treatment: Curative Surgery - Pleurectomy-Decortication

Mesothelioma Treatments: Surgery - Surgery palliative

There are a number of operations available for mesothelioma palliative care and patients for their eligibility would be based on her overall health and performance status.

The following section contains a brief description of each procedure and the links to learn more about it.

Debulking Pleurectomy
      A debulking pleurectomy is a surgical procedure that tries to remove as much cancer of the parietal pleura as possible. This is done to reduce dyspnea associated with tumor burden and can be used together with patients to improve the quality of pleurodesis-life.

      Learn more: Mesothelioma Treatment: Palliative Surgery - Debulking Pleurectomy
Decortication of lung
      A decortication of the lung is a surgical procedure to remove the visceral pleura of the lungs. This is done when the lungs are restricted and unable to expand fully for visceral pleural tumor infiltration. Can also be used in conjunction with patients to improve the quality of pleurodesis-life.

      Learn more: Mesothelioma Treatment: Palliative Surgery - Decortication of lung
Pleural catheter and Pleuroperitoneal Shunts
      Pleural catheter and implant pleuroperitoneal shunts can offer effective palliation for patients suffering from recurrent pleural effusions and other fluid buildups. Long-term use of this option is generally used only for those who have late stage disease who do not agree with the other treatment options.

      Learn more: Mesothelioma Treatment: Palliative Surgery - Pleuroperitoneal pleural catheter and Shunts
Pleurodesis
      Pleurodesis is a procedure that fuses with the parietal pleura and visceral pleura, destroyed the space between them. This is the most frequently-performed palliative procedures and conducted to prevent the buildup of fluid in the pleural space and the recurrence of pleural effusion.

      Learn more: Mesothelioma Treatment: Palliative Surgery - Pleurodesis

Mesothelioma Treatments: Surgery - Technique

Most of the operations performed to mesothelioma completed by trained physician as thoracic surgeons, namely, a doctor who specializes in operations conducted in the chest area, the medical name thorax. Our chests containing two of the organs most vital heart and lung operations be conducted in areas requiring highly skilled and careful treatment, as well as good post-operative procedures that can maximize the recovery, while trying to minimize complications. One of the most important factor for achieving these goals is the surgical technique used to enter into the chest.

Two main techniques to enter the current work in most thoracic surgery: Thoracotomy and video-assisted thoracic surgery (barrel). To learn more about this procedure, please read the summary below and follow the "Learn More" link for detailed background is greater.

Thoracotomy
      Thoracotomy is a surgical procedure in which a large incision is made to open the chest so that the operation can be performed. This is a very invasive technique, but is required for completion of curative surgery.

      Learn more: Mesothelioma Treatment: Surgery Technique - Thoracotomy
Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (vat)
      Video-assisted thoracic surgery (barrel) is a minimally invasive surgical techniques using video imaging to guide surgeons. Tong has been replaced Thoracotomy for some procedures, because it allows the same treatment or similar, but managed to reach them in a less invasive way.

      Learn more: Mesothelioma Treatment: Surgery Technique - Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (vat)

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